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Category: Valley Forge

Winter of 1777-1778. With the British Army secure in Philadelphia, the American army settled into winter quarters at Valley Forge. It was a winter of hardship and suffering for the troops. It was also a winter of training, in which the American troops were taught how to be professional soldiers.

Tillis, John

My ancestor was John Tillis, Private, 3rd Virginia Regiment. Surname was variously spelled Tillis, Tellus and Tullis in different documents over the years. His company was from Prince William County, VA. The captain of the company, Philip Richard Lee was seriously wounded at Brandywine and records indicate that John Tillis was detached some time after the battle to attend him. Lee eventually died of these wounds in January 1778. Tillis enlisted for 2 years service and was discharged at Valley Forge in February 1778. He returned to Virginia and then subsequently moved to Kentucky and finally Ohio, where he spent his remaining days. He was noted as an earlier settler to the area and a founder of the town of Bellefontaine, Ohio. The DAR dedicated a plaque to him there in 1928.

Burroughs, John

Dave McCann says:
July 8, 2011 at 2:58 pm Edit

I have an ancestor to add. John Burroughs (1754-1842) was a private in the Continental Army for seven years throughout the Revolutionary War. He fought at the Battle of Brandywine in the 3rd New Jersey Regiment under Capt./Maj. Joseph Bloomfield. Bloomfield was wounded at the Battle of Brandywine and John Burroughs accompanied him until they were able to rejoin the Regiment at Valley Forge for the Winter of 1777-1778. John Burroughs received an honorable discharge signed by General George Washington.

Mentzer, Japhet

Tina Wood said,

on February 26th, 2018 at 10:15 pm

My gggg grandfather Japhet Mentzer was in the Battle of Brandywine and he was at Valley Forge. He was born in Southern Germany.

Buzan, John

Jerry Buzan said,

on July 6th, 2012 at 7:18 am

John Buzan enlisted in Capt. Andrew Waggoner’s company of the 12th Virginia Line on the 12th of August 1776. He fought in the Battles of Brandywine, Paoli, and Germantown. He was discharged from the service on 10 April 1778 at Valley Forge, PA.

Russell, John

April Bobbish said,

on June 5th, 2012 at 9:38 am

John Russell served Virginia Continental Line, 3rd regiment from 6 Feb 1776 until discharge at Valley Forge on 6 Feb 1778. He served under Captain Philip Lee, Colonel George Weedon, and Colonel Thomas Marshall.
Battle of Long Island, Battle of White Plains, Battle of Brandywine, Germantown and then discharge at Valley Brig Gen William Woodford.
He applied for pension in Clark County, Indiana in 1820.

Polk, William

There were several NC Regiments as part of the NC Continental Troops at Brandywine, Germantown, and Valley Forge.

Here’s a history of one member of the 9th NC Regiment, William Polk:

William Polk was a major in the 9th Regiment, North Carolina Line, one of the regiments engaged in the Battle of Brandywine that month (Sept. 1777) and afterward in the Battle of Germantown, where he was seriously wounded. He and his regiment were with Washington at Valley Forge, following which the North Carolina regiments, weakened from illness and expiring enlistments, were reduced in number from ten to three, and William Polk was rendered a supernumerary office.


“The Papers of Archibald D. Murphy” William Henry Hoyt (editor), North Carolina Historical Commission, Raleigh, 1914, vol II, pp. 400-410. (“… containing William Polk’s autobiographical reference to being in both the Battle of Brandywine and the Battle of Germantown, where he was wounded.

One of my g-g-g-g-uncles Thomas Francisco was a Private in the 9th NC. He died in the spring of 1778 from sickness contracted at Valley Forge.\

Paul Sisco

Crookshanks, John

A long time ago I obtained a copy of the military records of John Crookshanks for his time of service during the Revolutionary War. Thought you would enjoy knowing that he spent the winter with Washington at Valley Forge. He was in the battles of Georgetown, Germantown, Brandywine, participated in the Christmas attack which routed the Hessens, then marched on up to White Plains, NY before heading south to North Carolina where he was wounded during the battle for Guilford Courthouse (now Greensboro). The wound left him crippled in the knee, a token of sacrifice shared by many who have given so much.

John Crookshanks Revolutionary War Muster Roll
John Crookshanks Revolutionary War Muster Roll

Submitted by Ron Cruikshank

Roberts, Reuben

Roberts, Reuben. My ancestor, Private Reuben Roberts, of the 6th Regiment of the North Carolina militia served at the battle of Brandywine on Sept. 11, 1777, Germantown on Oct. 4, 1777, and Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-1778.

Dave Schubert
New Jersey

Prosser, Otey

I am a 6th generation descendent from Otey Prosser who fought in the battle of Brandywine and wintered at Valley Forge. He was from Virginia and I assume he was in one of the Virginia regiments. Tradition has it that he assisted Lafayette from the battlefield after he was wounded. Lafayette met Otey again during his tour of the United States in 1824. Supposedly Lafayette gave Otey a warm French greeting (embrace and kiss on both cheeks). Otey was born in Henrico County, VA in 1761 and died in Washington County, GA in 1839 at the age of 78.

Lee R. dePersia

Montgomery, Hugh

Here is an 1819 pension petition of Hugh Montgomery (b.25 FEB 1755; d. 20 MAY 1830) that details his Revolutionary War service, including Brandywine. He enlisted 12 February 1777 at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was a private in the company commanded by Captain James Sullivan in the regiment of Colonel Russell. He served at Trenton 1777, Brandywine 1777, Germantown 1777, Valley Forge 1777-78. He then served until April 1780 around Pittsburgh in campaigns against the Indians and building Fort Lawrence and Fort MacIntosh.

[from Katie Jablonicky]
State of Ohio, Butler County
Before the subscriber Robert Tailor, an Associate Judge of the court of
common pleas for the seventh circuit in the State of Ohio and county of Butler, personally appeared Hugh Montgomery on the first day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and nineteen who being duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration for the purpose of obtaining a pension under the late act of Congress entitled an act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval service of the United States in the Revolutionary War–that he will be sixty four years old the twenty fifth day of this month, that on the twelfth day of February AD seventeen hundred and seventy seven at Pittsburgh in the State of Pennsylvania he enlisted as a private soldier in the company commanded by Capt. James Sullivan in the regiment of Col. Russell in the Virginia line, he marched to Philadelphia and from there to a place called the Cross-roads near Trenton, New Jersey but on the opposite side of the river where he joined a division of the army commanded by General Greene. He then marched to the head of Elk river in Maryland state and from there to Brandywine Creek, he was present at and took part in the Battle of Brandywine, and from there he marched to Germantown and was there engaged in a battle against the British in which he was twice injured, from there he marched to the White Marsh or Valley Forge in the State of Pennsylvania where he continued until next season. He then marched to Pittsburgh Pa where he was placed under the command of Col. Broadhead and went against the Indians on the Allegany river from thence he returned to Pittsburgh again and was then placed under the command of general MacIntosh and marched to the Muskingum River and was engaged in building Fort Lawrence and Fort MacIntosh the latter at the mouth of big Beaver river he was then employed in scouting parties in the vicinity of Pittsburgh until the nineteenth of April AD 1780 when & where he was honorably discharged by Col John Gibson which discharge he has since accidently lost in the Ohio river. The said Hugh Montgomery further states that he is now a resident of the county of Butler in State of Ohio and that from his reduced circumstances in life he stands in need of the assistance of his country for support and that he now has no other evidence in his possession of having performed said services or any part thereof except the annexed affidavit of John Phillips sworn to and subscribed the day and year above written.
Hugh Montgomery [His Signature]


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